4. Legislation with respect to contaminated land management:
a. If your country has legislation on contaminated land management, please precise if it’s a specific or a common legislation.
b. If there is no legislation, please precise how you tackle the problem.
c. What are the main policy objectives?
d. What are the principles on which the national policy is based? (I.e. risk based approach, remediation on a fit for use principle, etc).
5. Liability for the management of contaminated land?
a. What is the chain of liability? (Polluter? Land owner? Last operator? Occupier?)
b. If there is a difference betwen new and historic contamination, please precise?
c. Can a responsible party pass on the liability to a purchaser? (Under statutory law? Contractually?)
d. Is liability on environmental damage extinguished when clean up of the site is completed?
6. Are there any specifications at regional / local level? If yes, provide some detail.
7. Are there specifications for site closure? If yes, provide some detail (I.e. remediation on a risk based approach, for a specific land use …).
8. Is there any legal requirement to conduct investigation for potential contamination in the transfer of property? If yes, provide some detail.
9. If your national policy has any kind of inventories, please precise which sites are registered and if the databases are public.
10. What are the strong, weak points and the major bottlenecks with respect to the current legislation in your country?
11. What could/should be highlighted at the European level to improve the current legislation/policy? (cf. discussions around the proposal of Soil Framework Directive – proposal 7643/09)
Risk Assessment & Management the main tools?
14. Technical approaches used:
a. Are there specific technical approaches used for assessing risks and/or setting environmental quality objectives for the protection of Human Health (HH), Ecosystems, Groundwater (GW), Surface waters (SW)?
b. Are other damages considered? (I.e. to buildings, infrastructures….)
c. Are technical approaches used on a site by site specific approach, or by derivation of guideline values?
d. Do you take into consideration others sources of pollution in the risk assessment? (I.e. air pollution, high background levels…).
15. If the national policy uses guideline values, please precise the following points:
a. Reasons for derivation of generic values (i.e. simplification of implementation, harmonised approach at national/regional level, etc)
b. Objectives / levels of implementation (investigation, risk assessment, remediation)
c. Priority substances
d. Protocols of derivation (pathways and targets taken into consideration, equations …)
a. What are the drivers for remediation?
b. To what level is clean-up required? (i.e. acceptable risk, land use values, …)
c. Does your national policy use cost-benefits analysis for the choice of the remedial solution?
17. Remediation techniques:
a. Which are the main remediation techniques used?
b. Is natural attenuation considered as a remediation technique?
c. What is the distribution of the applied techniques?
d. What is the evolution in time of the distribution of the use of techniques in your country? more innovative techniques now, less dumping
e. How is the acceptance of innovative treatment techniques?